- Official name: Republic of Armenia
- Official language: Armenian
- National holiday: September 21 (Independence from U.S.S.R: 1991)
Area: 29800 km2
Capital: Yerevan (density 5196 hab/km²); total Armenian population: 3 million
Borders: 1 254 km
Border countries: Azerbaijan: 566 km; Azerbaijani enclave of Naxchivan: 221 km; Georgia: 164 km; Iran: 35 km; Turkey: 268 km
- Currency Armenian DRAM : 1€ = 544.39 Drams
- GDP in 2011 : $10 247 788,877
- GDP growth in 2011 : 4.6%
- Composition by sector (2011)
1. Agriculture: 19.2%
2. Industry: 40.8%
3. Services: 40%
For a complete overview of economic data please click here
- The first Constitution was adopted on July 5, 1995. The current Constitution was adopted on November 27, 2005.
- Armenia is a presidential representative democratic republic. The President of the Republic of Armenia is elected for a term of five years in general elections. The current president Serzh Sargsyan was elected in February 2013 (http://www.president.am/en/).
- Prime Minister (Tigran Sargsyan, not related to Serzh Sargsyan) is the head of the government (http://www.gov.am/en/).
- The National Assembly (Azgayin Zhoghov) represents the legislative branch. It is composed of 131 parliamentarians who are elected in a general election for a term of 5 years. The current Assembly was elected in May 2012 (http://www.parliament.am/?lang=eng).
- Currently the National Assembly of Armenia is composed as follows: Republican Party (69 mandates), Prosperous Armenia (37), Armenian National Congress (7), Rule of Law (6), Armenian Revolutionary Federation (5), Heritage (5), Non-partisans (2). Please click here to read our short paper "Armenia 2012: An introduction to the political party landscape".
For a complete overview of political data please click here
Genocide Remembrance Day: since the 1920s April 24th is the day Armenians commemorate the victims of Armenian Genocide, the most tragic element of Armenian history. Please click here to know more.
Mother Cathedral of Holy Etchmiadzin: the oldest state-built church in the world, listed among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Please click here to know more.
Khachkars: literally 'stone crosses' are one of the most characteristic symbols of Armenian identity. Please click here to know more.
- Duduk: traditional Armenian musical instrument, which is like a double-reed oboe. Please click here to know more.
- Armenian dances: Kochary, Berd and Yarkhushta. Please click here to see an example on an Armenian dance.
- Armenian BRANDY: As Winston Churchil once said: "Never be late for dinner, smoke Havaiian cigars and drink Armenian cognac." Please click here to know more.